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Cultural Assemblage: Medieval

Report published: IAR 1978-79, Page No: 68

The Department of Ancient History and Archaeology, M. S. University of Baroda, under Professor R. N. Mehta and the Western Circle of the Survey under Dr C. Margabandhu, assisted by Dr V.  S.  Parekh, Sarvashri Momin,   Sonawane,   N. M. Khatri, C. U. Bhagat of the   University and  Sarvashri R. Pathak,   P. K. Trivedi,   S. S. Naik,   H. Michael,   A. R. Shah and H. A.   Shinde of the Survey, jointly carried out excavation at Anhilwad Patan,   with a view to ascertaining the cultural sequence of the site known as Rajagadhi. Excavation revealed a fortification-wall, circular on plan with traces of bastion or entrance, built of baked bricks of different sizes, set in mud mortar. The foundation of the fortification was made up of irregular stones probably of a dilapidated temple. A number of structures constructed prior to the fortification-wall were also encountered. Among them mention may be made of a brick-built platform, resting immediately above the natural soil, and having small sandstone blocks placed vertically and a flat slab with engraving of trident pointing towards north-east. This was probably kurma-sita of north-east identifiable as saubhagini-sita. It was observed that a number of structures had been raised over the fortification-wall after its main function came to an end. The ceramics obtained from the excavation include: red ware represented by stemmed bowls, vases, etc.; black ware with pots, lids, etc.; glazed ware with red or buff base and green or blue glaze; Chinese porcelain and Celadon ware. Thus the earliest habitation encountered in the excavation may be dated to the eleventh-twelfth century A.D.