The present town, once a flourishing capital of the Medieval Gujarat during 15th -16th century AD, is located on the foothills of Pavagadh hill (800m). The ruins of the medieval Champaner are scattered over six square km (Sonawane 2009: 68). Champaner-Pavagadh has remained the area of attraction for humans right from Prehistoric times till British times and still continues today in the modern era. Therefore it has the long chronology of the occupation.
The site was extensively explored and excavated for numerous field sessions (1969-1977) by the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda under the leadership of Prof. R.N. Mehta. The archaeological site has revealed the rich cultural deposit of medieval city from three sectors, Sector A (Amir Manzil/Nobleman's house) , Sector K1 (lower middle class area) and Sector C (Shopping complex) which included structural remains, palaces, gardens, horse stable, water tank and antiquarian remains like ceramics both imported and local, iron objects, terracotta Objects, stone implements, stone beads, copper objects etc.
The work carried out thus not only revealed the nature of the settlement during 15th and 16th Century CE but also brought to light great remains of prehistoric period and gave fair insight of the early history of Champaner. The nodal planning of this radiating city was well executed with the royal enclosure situated at the centre against the safeguard of natural defence provided by the Pavagadh hill. No wonder, though late, the modern state of Gujarat got its First World Heritage Site, when Champaner-Pavagadh was declared by the UNESCO in 2004.