Excavated Site - Rangpur
22° 26' N, 71° 55' E

An extensive site on the Bhadar, where trial diggings were undertaken in 1935 by M.S. Vats (ASI-AR 1934-5). He declared that it was a site of the late period of Harappa culture. Later on Ghurye, (1939), Dikshit ( 1947), and S. R. Rao ( 1953-56) excavated the site. Rao has classified the occupational deposit in four Periods with three Sub-Periods in the Harappa culture, Period II with an earlier, Period I, Microlithic, and even a Middle Palaeolithic stage, the last encountered in the river section, with points, scrapers and blades of jasper. The sequential datings as given by him are as follows: Period I: Microlithic unassociated with pottery, 3000B.C.; Period II A: Harappa 2000-1500 B.C.; Period II B: late Harappa,1500-1100 B.C.; Period III C: transition phase of the Harappa, 1100-1000 B.C.; and Period Ill: Lustrous Red Ware 1000- 800 B.C.

As number of C-14 dates are available the dating of the Period of C Rangpur is based on a number of considerations, viz.thickness of deposits, changes in ceramic traditions and comparision with other sites both typologically and on the basis of 14C dates for Lothal, Navdatoli. Rao no doubt admits the arrival of new elements in Periods II C and ill but at the same time feels that they were due to contact. According to him the equipments of Period II C are an evolution from the Harappa culture. Defining the importance of Rangpur Rao says: 'The penetration of the Harappaculture into the Kathiawadpeninsula, its survival up to the end of the 2nd millennium B.C. in a decadent form, subsequently transforming itself into the Lustrous Red Ware culture, and the establishment of a continuous cultural sequence from 2 to 800 B.C. are important contributions made by the excavation at Rangpur. But it may be difficult to regard the new elements of Periods II C and Ill, particularly the Lustrous Red Ware, as evolved from the Harappa and as such a continuity of the Harappa sequence till 800 B.C., which itself may be too Iowa date for Period III, is open to question.