Drs V. H. Sonawane, V. S. Parekh and K. N. Momin, assisted by Sarvashri R. J. Khatri, N. M. Khatri, C. U. Bhagat and K. C. Malik of the Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, M, S. University, Baroda, under the guidance of Professor R. N. Mehta, conducted excavation at Valabhi, the capital of Maitrakas who once ruled Saurashtra in Gujarat and parts of Malwa for about three centuries from A.D. 480 to 790, The main objective of the excavation was to ascertain the cultural sequence of the sites at Nesadi and Maya-no-Khado. Excavation revealed that the site at Nesadi represented a single culture belonging to the Harappan times. The structural remains encountered just over the natural black soil, at a depth of 35 to 50 cm, are traces of circular huts (pl. IX A), the flooring of which are made up of rammed clay. The ceramic industry (pl. IX B) is represented by buff, perforated, crude and lustrous red and black-and-red wares. The shapes encountered include dish-on-stand, bowl, goblet, lota, basin, dish, bowl with stud handle, etc. A few sherds showing paintings in black-on-red as well as graffiti were also found. Noteworthy finds from the site include terracotta bull figurines, beads, lamps, spindle-whorls, toy-cart wheels, discs and scrapers. On the basis of the material remains, the settlement may be dated in the time-bracket of second-third millennium B.C. Excavation of the site at Maya-no-Khado revealed occupation deposit of a single period divisible into three phases. Phase I (first century B.C. to fourth century A.D.), represented by pre-structural levels, is marked by the occurrence of amphora and red-polished ware. Other finds include bangles of conch shell, beads, votive tanks, miniature Siva-lingas, etc. Phase II (fourth-fifth century A.D.) is represented by the presence of structures built of bricks (size: 37.5 x 22.5 x 5/6 cm). Floorings made of rammed earth, hearths, broken and collapsed walls and traces of furnaces probably meant for smelting iron were also unearthed. The ceramic industry includes amphora, red polished, crude black-and-red, plain and burnished red and black wares. Antiquities recovered include beads and bangles. Phase III (fifth-eighth century A.D.) is marked by some floors made of well beaten earth and structural remains of reused bricks. The important find of the phase is a gold ring with an intaglio, possibly imported from the Roman world.